Step-By-Step Instructions Of Painting


Amateur house painters didn't have as much help as today. Scores of new paints and equipment positioned on the market in the last couple of years make it possible for the weekend handyman to color his own house almost as easily as a professional. From one-coat paints to disposable blowtorches, all things have been designed to increase the risk for job go faster, look better and cost less.

With the new outside rollers, you can paint an average-size house over a couple of days. Add an extension box handle and you can roll a terrace without stooping down, reach a roof without leaving the ground.

Painting Hard Spots

Specialized aids with built-in know, how tackle the tough spots for you.

Better yet, you don't have to spend hours getting ready and hours taking care of afterward. Premixed paints, electric-drill attachments and self-dispensing calking guns make short work of preparation. Clearing up is a soap-and-water job for the rubber paints, or a quick dip in special cleaners to the oils. Disposable dropcloths and paper paint pails are utilized once and discarded.

In this section are a couple of tips on techniques and tools making it easier to paint your home than ever before - not how a "pro" does, perhaps, though much the same results.


The definition of paint is used to incorporate paints, varnishes, enamels, shellacs, lacquers, and stains.

• Paints consist of mineral pigments, organic vehicles, and a variety of thinners all combined.
• Varnishes are resins dissolved in organic thinners.
• Enamels are pigmented varnishes.
• Shellac is lac gum dissolved in alcohol.
• Lacquers could possibly be both pigmented or clear - the liquid portion usually is treated nitrocellulose dissolve in thinners.
• Stains could be pigmented oil or even a penetrating type.
Several materials, such as paints, varnishes, and lacquers, are formulated for specific purposes:
• Outside house paints and exterior varnishes are intended to give good service when encountered with weathering
• Interior wall paints are formulated to present excellent coverage and good wash-ability.
• Floor enamels are supposed to withstand abrasion.
• Lacquers are formulated for rapid drying.
• There are also formulas which provide extra self-cleaning, fume- resisting, waterproofing, hardening, flexibility, mildew-resisting, potential to deal with fading, and breathing qualities.

Interior paints are used to obtain pleasing decorative effects, improve sanitary conditions, and insure better lighting. These paints could be divided into four types: wall primers; one-coat flats; flat, semigloss, and gloss; and water paints.

Wall primers or primer-sealers are meant to be applied directly to bare plaster, wallboard, and other alike porous surfaces to provide a uniform, sealed surface for subsequent coats of paint. An average wall primer could possibly be made from varnish or bodied-oil vehicle and hiding pigments. It can be intended to penetrate only slightly into porous surfaces.

The primers would be best applied with a wide wall brush.

One-coat flat paints are organic-solvent-thinned paints designed to accomplish priming, sealing, and finished coating in one operation. They are usually sold in thin paste form to ensure additional inexpensive thinner might be added and mixed before application to increase the volume of paint by one-fourth or more.

Flat, semigloss, and gloss interior paints and enamels vary in a higher level gloss, hiding power, along with other properties. Paints giving the most effective hiding power are normally paints of lowest gloss, even though some modern high-gloss enamels also have good hiding power.

Water-thinned interior paints are calcimine, casein, resin-emulsion, and gloss water paints. Calcimine is made up of powdered whiting and clay mixed with an animal-glue binder as well as a preservative. It cannot be recoated, but tend to be easily washed off before redecorating.

It is not necessary to remove casein before recoating but, if de-sired, it is usually softened by washing with hot solutions of trisodium phosphate. Resin-emulsion paints, marketed in paste form, have to be thinned with water and, when properly made and applied, adhere well to plaster and still provide a good decorative medium. They want not be removed before redecorating, provided the film is in sound condition. This runs specifically true of gloss water paints.

New Paints Give You Pro's Skill

Painting your home will be easier than ever - if you achieve the right paint. Yet it's going to be harder than previously to pick it.

Years ago, paint was paint. One kind looked, smelled, was applied and in the end dried much like another. The situation is different now. Besides oil paints, you can choose from a new set of paints. It'll pay out the comission to know about them.

• You can find water paints you can use outside. (You clean your brushes within the faucet and use your garden hose to get spatters over shrubbery.)
• There are finishes so tough they withstand even attacks from the neighbors' children.
• There are paints that dry so fast you start the second coat as soon as you finish putting on the 1st.
• There are colors in glittering confusion.

Not one product can do each one of these things. There are several types, all available with a variety of trade names. The trade names are, that will put it kindly, confusing. For example, two brands from the new paints use "rubber" inside their trade names, yet neither is often a rubber-latex paint and each is actually an entirely different form of paint from the other. To get the right paint you have to read the fine print for the label and find out what's actually inside the can.

Vinyl is really a cousin to the tough plastic employed for upholstery and flooring, but it comes thinned with water ready that you can brush, roll or spray on. The label on the can may say vinyl, vinyl emulsion, polyvinyl acetate or PVA.

You should use vinyl on virtually any exterior except previously painted wood. It truely does work fine on wood shingles and shakes, asbestos shingles, brick, stucco, concrete and masonry blocks. One manufacturer says you may even put it on wood clapboard in the event the clapboard is new and unprimed.

The most important advantage of vinyl is the thinner - water. You get all the advantages of easy cleanup which have rendered interior water paints popular.

Suppose it rains while you are working? Vinyl paint dries fast - as soon as 10 to Thirty minutes - and will withstand a bath after that time. It takes another 12 hours to "cure," at that same moment forming an exceptionally tough, long-lasting film that compares well against weather, sun, salt air and factory smoke.

One precaution: You simply can't paint with it in cold temperatures. The chemical reaction that transforms the water solution into a durable finish is not going to take place if the temperatures are below 50°. (Conventional oil paints don't stick well in cold temperature, either.)

Some manufacturers recommend their vinyl paints for interior as well as exterior use; others say no, not so good. You can find vinyls made specifically for interiors.

Definitely good at home is a new vinyl primer-sealer for use as a base coat under any paint. It dries after as little as 30 minutes.

You can put it around a place and probably follow immediately with all the finish coat. It could be applied with brush or roller.

Acrylic could be the second new reputation for magic in paints. This is a plastic-in-water. Solid acrylic you already know as the beautiful, glasslike Plexiglas and Lucite.

At home is where acrylic shines. It dries quicker than other types, and it keeps its color better, without yellowing. One disadvantage: It is more.

Some acrylics will also be recommended for exteriors (within the same kinds of materials as vinyl paints). Here it possesses a big advantage - you don't have to pick your painting weather so carefully. It may be applied on humid days plus cold seasons, provided that the temperature is a couple of degrees above freezing.

Alkyd is an old interior paint made newly popular with a change in solvent - a super-refined petroleum chemical which has almost no odor. It's not a water paint. You thin it and clean brushes with mineral spirits or turpentine, or, in order to retain the odorless feature, with all the new odorless solvent. (Ask the paint-store man just for that, odorless solvent).

Alkyd has solid advantages overriding the slight cleanup in-convenience. It can be exceptionally tough and incredibly resistant to scrubbing. It holds up well in the trouble spots - trim, bathroom, kitchen. And it's also easy to apply, creating a smooth, even finish free of streaks and brush marks.

The alkyds have little odor, but don't forget the solvent is a petroleum product and it is vapor is there even though you can't smell it. It will make you sick also it burns very easily, like the vapor of older paint solvents. So play safe: Keep windows open and keep flames away.

The previous reliable are not to be overlooked either. Conventional oil paints can now be had in deodorized version, made out of the same odorless solvent used in the alkyds. And oil paint has much in the favor. It is sold everywhere; its virtues and faults are established through centuries of usage; it makes a tough film on just about any surface; it offers the greatest color range; which is often cheaper.

Water-thinned rubber-latex paint is an old reliable, community . is only about Decade old. It is the reason for a big percentage of all paint sold and is still the most accessible of the easy-to-use finishes. One new type is a combination vinyl-rubber paint that is certainly said to do a better job on interiors than either vinyl or rubber alone as it dries faster, lasts longer and it has less sheen.

Paint Selection

Most paints are purchased ready-mixed but, in their selection, consideration should be given to the fact that surfaces vary inside their adaptability to paint and atmospheric or other conditions having an adverse impact on paint performance. As well as the normal weathering action of the weather, outside house paints are often exposed to other attacking elements, including corrosive fumes from factories or excessive amounts of wind-driven dust.

For localities where such conditions exist, self-cleaning paints ought to be selected. These paints are usually so designated about the label. Concrete, plaster, and metal surfaces each present special problems in painting. As an illustration, paint for use on masonry or new plaster has to be resistant to dampness and alkalies, and paints utilized on steel must have rust-inhibitive properties.

Color - The paint makers are in the market to sell the lady of the home and color is the come-on. They are tempting her using a kaleidoscope's variety; one firm offers more than 6,000 different shades.

Practically every manufacturer carries a "color system," a fat book of color chips with instructions for duplicating each chip. This is successfully done by intermixing cans of colored paint, by having a concentrated color to a can of white or colored paint, or with the addition of concentrated color or colors to a can of neutral "base" paint. As well as for those who don't want any guesswork there's the Color Carousel that mixes the paints within the store. Whatever the method, it makes sense a range of colors for example no amateur painter has witnessed.


Paste paints, including aluminum, resin-emulsion, and lead-in-oil, should be stirred with a stiff paddle and reduced to painting consistency together with the liquids recommended around the manufacturer's labels.

Paints in powdered form require addition of a liquid to arrange them for use. The manufacturer's directions as to the amount of oil, varnish, water, and other vehicle required must be followed.

"Boxing" is a good technique of mixing paints. Since paint is a mixture of solids and liquids, it is essential that it be mixed thoroughly before using. To achieve this, the greater portion of the liquid items in the can should be poured in a clean bucket somewhat bigger than the paint can. Then, which has a stiff paddle, the settled pigment from the original container needs to be loosened and any lumps separated. After this, mix the material in the container thoroughly, utilizing a figure 8 motion, and follow with a lifting and beating motion. Continue stirring the mix vigorously while slowly adding the liquid that has been previously poured off the top. Complete the mixing by pouring the paint back and forth from one container to the other several times until the entire amount is of uniform consistency.

Paste and powder paints needs to be mixed in quantities sufficient for fast use only, as these materials often become unfit for application if able to stand for three or more hours.

If paints have been allowed to stand and hard lumps or skin have formed, your skin layer or scum should be removed, and the paint may be stirred and strained through screen wire or through a few thicknesses of cheesecloth.

If a desired shade just isn't obtainable in custom-or ready-mixed paints, white paints might be tinted with colors-in-oil. To achieve this, mix the color-in-oil having a small amount of turpentine or mineral spirits and stir this into the white paint, a bit at a time. If a blended color is desired, many color may be added, for instance a chrome green and chrome yellow pigments to create a lettuce green shade.